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Math Courses

Algebra 1A

This course reviews the fundamentals of mathematics as applied to integers, fractions and decimals. Students are taught to solve equations involving variables and how to graph in the coordinate plane. Problem solving is covered involving ratio and proportions, percentages, area and perimeter, interest, profit or loss, commissions, markup and mark down, and uniform motion.

Algebra 1B

This course continues to build skills and understanding in the fundamentals of mathematics, while building Algebra skills. Topics covered include operations of signed numbers, exponents, polynomials, equation solving, factoring, graphing, and basic concepts of geometry.


This course will begin with a review of basic concepts of arithmetic. Following this review many topics fundamental to algebra will be discussed. Some of these topics are: solving simple equations, operations involving polynomials, factoring, ratio, proportion, percent, simultaneous equations, graphing in two dimensions, inequalities, irrational numbers, and quadratic equations.

Informal Geometry

This course is intended to introduce the students to the characteristics of lines, angles, polygons, circles, solids and spheres. The students study the properties that apply to these shapes and then apply them as they solve problems that require application. Some of the topics covered are triangles, shape similarity, area, surface area and volume.


This course covers all of the basics of Euclidean geometry by means of a connected set of theorems and postulates. Topics include area, volume and analytic geometry. Inductive and deductive reasoning are developed through the introduction and application of the formal proof. Students will become familiar with common geometry terminology used through mathematics. Students who successfully complete this course are prepared to move on to the next level of Algebra.

Intermediate Algebra 2

This course is intended for the college-bound student who isn’t ready for Advanced Algebra. Most of the topics in this course mirror those within a standard advanced Algebra course, but aren’t covered in as much detail. Some of the topics discussed include properties and operations of real numbers, factoring, solving equations, inequalities, functions, graphing, irrational numbers, quadratic equations, exponents, logarithms, series, sequences and trigonometry.

Advanced Algebra 2

This course expounds on the algebraic concepts and fundamentals introduced in Algebra and Geometry. Students will explore such topics as: simplifying expressions; solving absolute value equalities; solving linear, quadratic and higher-degree equations; working with radicals and logarithms; and the properties and application of the trigonometry.


This advanced mathematics course is intended for those who desire to continue the study of mathematics in the future. A review of topics found in geometry and advanced algebra is followed by discussion of new topics. Topics covered include coordinate geometry, polynomials, inequalities, functions, exponents, logarithms, trigonometry, advanced graphing, polar coordinates, complex numbers, conic sections, vectors sequences, probability and statistics.

Advanced Applications in Mathematics (Semester)

Advanced Applications in Mathematics is a one-semester course that provides an opportunity for students to apply their upper-level Algebra and Geometry concepts to real-life applications. Students will create both visual and Algebraic models for situations and use the models to solve problems. Course topics include a review of Algebra functions and graphing, systems of equations, modeling in personal finance, probability, statistics and a variety of other applications. Graphing calculators are used extensively. The prerequisite course for Advanced Applications in Mathematics is successful completion (C- or better) in either Intermediate Algebra 2 or Advanced Algebra 2.

Statistics (Semester)

Statistics is a one-semester course that provides a solid introduction to basic statistics. Topics include visual representations of data, descriptive statistics, probability, normal distribution, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, and correlation and regression. Students successfully completing this course will have a solid foundation for college statistics. The pre-requisite course for Statistics is successful completion (C- or better) of either Intermediate Algebra 2 or Advanced Algebra 2.

Advanced Placement (AP) Calculus

This course covers the Calculus curriculum as mandated by the College Board. The focus of the first semester is the concept of the limit and the derivative. Second semester focuses on integral calculus. Application of concepts is emphasized as well as method and process.

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Valley Lutheran High School
3560 McCarty Road
Saginaw, MI 48603